Emotion Regulation – is attempting to prevent the emotional experience, or its appearance, from occurring. A successful case of Emotion Regulation would include the regulation of the (1) feeling state, (2) related cognitions, (3) physiological response, and (4) related behaviors (Kowalski & Westen, 2009).

Due to the four distinct areas that must be regulated, true Emotion Regulation is thought to be rare.

Kowalski, R. M., & Westen, D. (2009). Psychology (5th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.